Food Nutrition and Exercise for people with asthma.

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Eating a healthy diet is important, and asthma and food play an important role for people with asthma. That eating a specific diet for asthma patients May be effective in helping control asthma Helps relieve inflammation of the bronchial tubes And can help reduce the number of times asthma attacks occur.

Foods that are beneficial for asthma include: Vegetable and fruit food group

  • Studies have found that eating foods with an average of 17.5-25 grams of fiber per day causes asthma patients to have higher lung function. Eating more than 5 servings of vegetables per week and more than 2 servings of fruit per week, especially citrus fruits for more than 14 weeks is associat with asthma control. There are fewer relapses and symptoms.
  • It is UFABET recommend to eat at least 1.5–2 cups of fruits and 2–3 cups of vegetables per day. Consuming 25 grams of fiber per day can reduce the incidence of chronic diseases. In particular, more than 46.3 grams of citrus fruit per day was associat with reduc asthma symptoms, especially apples and oranges.
  • Fiber in food is found in Unrefined grains, bran, dry beans and seeds Fruits and vegetables that are high in dietary fiber such as broccoli, spinach, kale, cabbage, carrots, corn, papaya, bananas, oranges, apples, avocados, guava. Examples of dietary fiber include bok choy 2.3 grams per 100 grams, Chinese morning glory 2.9 grams. per 100 grams, bananas 2.4 grams per 100 grams, guava 3.7 grams per 100 grams, orange 1.6 grams per 100 grams.

Exercise is beneficial in asthma. In addition to reducing the risk of asthma, it also helps reduce asthma symptoms. Increase body strength, heart and lung capacity. Make the quality of life better Recommend aerobic exercise. Work large muscle groups 3-5 times per week for 20-30 minutes at a regular basis. Approximately 150 minutes per week for moderate intensity or 75 minutes per week for high intensity activity. Have strength training 1-2 days per week.

It was found that continuous exercise last an average of 18 weeks or more. It can make asthma symptoms improve. Before exercising, medicine should be use to control the symptoms regularly and the symptoms should be calm. There should be a warm-up and cool down. The intensity of the exercise should not be too strong and cause symptoms to flare up. Be careful of exercising in cool, dry places. or areas with dust pollution which can cause asthma to worsen.

In some cases, there may be a relapse from exercise, also known as Exercise-induc bronchoconstriction (EIB) is found in 5-20%. With symptoms of breathlessness 5-15 minutes after exercise. Recommendations for exercise in this group of people. Use a fast-acting bronchodilator such as Salbuterol or Formoterol 15 minutes before exercising. And can be use repeatedly to relieve symptoms.

Obesity affects asthma in many ways. From the physiological side Obesity affects the movement of the chest wall. Obstructive sleep apnea, which can cause acid reflux and cause bronchospasm. (Reflux-induced bronchoconstriction) and also cause inflammation in the body through various immune mechanisms. Recommend waist circumference for men is no more than 36 inches and for women no more than 32 inches. With a body mass index (BMI) of no more than 23.